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    ag视讯体育官方appZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiangOpeningtotheoutsideworldisafundamentalstatepoebasisofsummarizingthesuccessfulexperienceofthepastandadaptingourselvestoeconomicglobalizationatthetimewhenChinaisapproachingaccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)isofimportantsignificancetocarryingoutChina’,Chinaimplementedthepolicyofopeningtotheoutsideworldanddidquitewellintakingadvantageofthefavorable,’sbasicexperienceinopeningtotheoutsideworldconsistsofthefollowing:First,nancialcrisistookplaceorwhentheinternationalsituationwasinturmoil,Chinapersistedinitsfundamentalpolicyofopeningto,Chinamadefulluseof“internationalanddomesticresourcesandmarkets”,activelyparticipatedintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,,,Chinaproperlycoordinatedinstitutionalrefo,thecountry’,themarketizationdomesticeconomyandthemajorrestructuringofforeigneconomicrelationsandtradeint,Chinaadoptedtimelystrategicmeasuresforfurtheropeni,itputforththe“strategyofexpandinginternationalmarketsharebyimprovingquality”,“marketdiversification”and“strategyofbroadly-basedforeigntradeandeconomiccooperation”.Furthermore,itpracticed“all-dimensional,multi-tieredandwide-rangingopeningtotheoutsideworld”.,Chinaconsistentlymainta,,struckagainstevasionofforeprinciplesguidingChina’conomicglobalizationasthebackdrop,Chinawillbe’seconomiclifeaswellasabasicpointofdeparturewhenweanalyz’sm,,oreandtheinternationalindustrialandtechnologicaltransferbringChinawithanhistoricopportunitytound,technologicalinnova’esintheinternationalstructureofdemandsthataretakingplacearoundtheworldandthusfailtocarryoutstructuraladjustmentdomesticallyandacceptinternationalindustrialtransfer,Chinawillfindthatitwillnotonlybeunabletoupgradeitsindustrialstructure,,thechangeintheaggregatesupplyanddemandpatternofthedomesticmarketcreatedfavorableconditionsforChinatograduallyopenitsdomesticionhaveyettobecompleted,insufficientdemandhascreatedtremenfteritsaccessiontoWTOandincreasetheshareChina’apitalandimportthoseresourcesan,whetherChinacantrulyreapthebenefitsofopeningitsmarkettotheoutsideworld,relaxingtherestrictionsontheentryofforeigncapital,andfurtherlinkinguptheinternationalanddomesticmarketswillenableChinatogiveplayonawi,thepresentdomesticmarketisstillplaguedbybarriersexistingbetweendifferentdepartmentsandbetweendifferentregions,iciesandestablishaunifiedlargemarketinthecountryduringthetransitionperiodafteraccessiontoWTOwilldirectlyaffectChina’soptimizationofresourcesallocationandeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByGuoJiaofeng,GaoShiji,ZhaoWenzhi,DongDazhongLiJianzhong,Rese,2015Inrecentyears,the“shalerevolution”intheUnitedStateshasresultedinasustainedincreaseofshaleoilandgasproductionandanoversupplyintheinternationaloilmarket,leadingtothesharpdropofoilpriceintheinternationalmarketsincethesecondhalfof2014,lessthan50dollarsperbarrel,,,someinternati,theytrytotackleproblemsbroughtbylowpricesandontheotherhandattachmoreimportancetoreducingcostandincreasingefficiencyofoilexplora,g(2015-2020),issuedbyChongqingMunicipalGovernmentinJanuary2015,thattheannuals,moreinterestisseeninplaceslikeSichuan,Guizhou,Shaanxi,,MinistryofLandandResourcesatestmarketinformation,scientificallyprojectthefutureproductionofshalegasinChinasoastoplaninadvanceandmakecarefulplanningforthedevelopmentofChina’,alongwiththeanalysisandin-depthstudiesofseveralinstitutions,webelievethatshalegasproductioninChinawillexceed5billioncubicmetersin2015andisexpectedtoreach30billioncubicmetersin2020,about15%edonshoreChinafromthePrecambrianperiodtotheCainozoicera,andwidelydistributedinthemainpetroliferousbasinsinthenorthandlargeareasinthesouth,theabundantorgan,ChinaNationalPetroleumCorporation(hereinafterreferredtoas“CNPC”),theStrategicResearchCenterforOilandGasResourcesofMinistryofLandandResources,theChineseAcademyofEngineering,andUSEnergyInformationAdministration(EIA),,andthedistributionofshaleresources,EIAestimatedeighteensetsofshalegasresourcesinsevenmajorpetroliferousbasinsorregionsonshoreChinain2013,,,theStrategicResearchCenterforOilandGasResourcesofMinistryofLandandResourcesorganized27researchinstitutestoassesstheshalegas,,,theChineseAcademyofEngineeringorganizedacademiciansinthefieldofoilandgasandexpertsinthreemajoroilcompaniestoestimatemarineshalegasresourcesinChinawithanalogy,,CNPCassessedshalegasresourcesinthekeyareasbas,,s,,thoughstillintheinitialstage,hasachievedmajorbreakthroughsandtherearepromisingprospectsSincestartingshalegasexplorationin2005,Chinahas,bytheendof2014,investedover20billionyuan,,,Chinahascompletedabunchofpilottestsconcerningshalegasexploration,carriedoutinitialassessmentofthepotentialsofonshoreshalegasresources,,industrialgaswasfoundinFulingJiaoshiba,Changning-WeiyuanandFushun-Yongchuanp,thefirstlarge-scalefieldwiththeproductionofhundredsofbillionscubicmetersinChina,andestablished4demonstrationareasofindustrializationdevelopmentofshalegas,obtainedover500billioncubicmetersofshalegas,(mergingintothenaturalgaspipelinenetworksurroundingtheSichuanBasinafterconnectingwiththeNa’anPipeline).In2015,ng6billioncubicmetersofshalbasicallybeenreadyAtpresent,Chinahasbasicallydevelopedthetechnologiesforselectingandevaluatinggeologicalconditionsoffavorableexplorationzones/strata,andestablishedtechnologicalmethodsandpletinghorizontalwellswithlongintervals(1500-2000meters),suchaswell-boretrajectorycontrol,cementing,drillingfluid,gasreservoirs,suchasfracturingtreatmentdesignofshalegaswells,configurationofslickwaterinvolumefracturing,massivefracturingoperation,,includingclusteringperforation,drillablebridge-plugstagedfracturing,cablepumpingbridgeplug,coiledtubingpumpingbridgeplug,completingshalegaswellgroups,anddrillingandcompletinghorizontalwellsectionswithasinglebitandscrewinonerun①.Besides,wehaveinitiallyformedsupportingequipmentandtechnicalprocessesforshal…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.①Atpresent,itisfeasibletodeployan,thereare6-10horizontalwells,whicharedrilledandcompletedwithstandardizedequipmentandservicesinthewayoftheproductionorassemblyline.

    ByLuoYuze,,2015WithgreatsignificanceforChinatobuildanewtypeofopeneconomysystem,’,withtheinflowofforeigncapital,equipment,technology,talentsandmanagementexperienceviaopening-uptotheoutsideworld,Chinahasmaderemarkableachievementsineconomicdevelopment,,influencedbysuchfactorsasregionalconditions,resourceendowmentanddevelopmentstages,China’sopening-upischaracterizedbydisharmonyandimbalanceof“highspeedintheeastbutlowinthewest”,and“strongmomentuminthecoastalareasbutweakintheinlandareas”.Aimingatconstructinganewtypeofopening-upandcooperationpatternfeaturingeast-westinteraction,north-southconnectivity,coordinateddevelopmentofthecoastalandinlandareas,andintegrationofdomesticandoverseasdevelopment,theBeltandRoadInitiativeprovidesacomprehensivestrategicfoundationforChinatooptimizethespatialallocationofeconomicactivities,connectdo,manyfactorsinvolved,geopoliticalcomplication,imbalancedeconomicdevelopmentandculturaldiversity,theBeltandRoadInitiativecallsforacompletepolicysupportsystemfromthegovernmentsoastofacilitateenterprises’internationalcooperationvia“GoGlobal”rward,theBeltandRoadInitiativehasreceivedactiveresponsesfrommorethan60countriesandregions,becomingthemajorconsensusofthec,thereareinevitableproblemsandchallenges,ingtheirpoliticalandsocialtransformation,,culturalandsocialconflictsintertwinedwithoneanother,,,theMiddleEast,CentralAsiaandSouthAsiaarecalledStrategicArcofInstability,,Chinahasactivelypromoted,withsometerritorydisputesunsettled,therearestillprominentproblemsandconflicts,’sinternationalstatusfurtherimproved,,thedevelopmentoftherelationshipbetweenthetwomajorcountrieswillhavegrowingimpactsonthisregion’uctureisthemainbottleneckthatconstrainsthe,ofthe54countrieswithdataforcompetitiveness,only4(Singapore,theUnitedArabEmirates,CroatiaandSlovenia)haveahigherinfrastructur(ADB),thatbetween2010and2020,Asia’sinfrastructureinvestmentdemandis$800billion,ofwhichonlyabout$20billioncanbeprovidedasloansfromADB,dRoadCountriesDuetothedifferencesineconomicdevelopmentlevel,allocationofeconomicactivitiesandpopulationdensityingeographicalareas,thecountriesinCentralAsiawithsparselypopulatedareas,,itismostlylikelythatthebestchoicefortheregionmaynotbethebestoneforaparticularcountry,,theinternationalinfrastructureconstructioninvolvesconflictofinterests,,inmanycases,,ooperationLaggingBehindSevereobstaclesarefoundintradeliberalizationandinvestmentfacilitationinmanycountriesduetounsoundandunstablelaws,lowconstructionleveloffreetradezone,manytradeandinvestmentbarriers,suchasstricterlicensesystem,non-unifiedcustomsproceduresanddocuments,inconsistentstandardsandregulationsforinfrastructureconstruction,,eitherlacksmajorcountries’leadershipandstrongpush,orfailstocoverallareasorinvolveslowlevelcooperation,startfortheconstructionoftheBeltandRoad,,“VisionandActionsonJointlyBuildingSilkRoadEconomicBeltand21stCenturyMaritimeSilkRoad”hasbeenpublished,becomingtheguidingdocumentforthisarea’,influencebro,grandplansforregionalcooperationwereputforwardbefore,suchastheInfrastructureDevelopmentPlanforAsianLandTransportproposedbytheUnitedNations’EconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacificin1992andtheplantobuildapan-A①proposedinOctober,2010byASEAN,well-knownforitsenforcement,ltilateralcooperation,apartfromaleadershipplayer,itisalsoamusttohaveagoodtop-leveldesign,doanoverallplanning,setupcorrespondingmechanism,poolallkindsofresourcesandmobilizeenthusiasmandinitiativeofallparties.金沙国际足球盘口ZhaoJinpingResearchReportNo7,2000TheissueofbalanceofinternationalpaymentsequilibrceagainthedegreeofimportanceofthisissueininfluencingtheprocessofeconomicdeveminChinasincethe1980sisnotonlyapracticaldemonstrationofStatepolicyofopeningtotheoutsideworldandtheachievementsineconomicdevelopment,butalsoanimportanevelopmentofdomesticeconomy,Chinawillenteracompletelyneweraofopening-up,andbalanceofinternationalpaymentsequilibriumasacentralizedreflectionofdomesticandforeigneconomicrelationswillexperiencenkingaboutbalanceofinternationalpaymentsequilibrium,itisnecessarytomakeananalysisandevaluationofthemajorcharacteristicsandinfluences’sBalanceofInternationalPaymentsEquilibriumsince1982Generallyspeaking,overallbalance,basicbalance,balanceofcurrentaccounts,andbalanceofcommoditytradeconstitutethefourimportantathecompetitiveedgesofdomesticcommoditiesandservices,whilebasicbalanceisakindofcomprehensivebalanceintegratingcurrentaccountsandlong-termcapitaltoreflductionoferrorsandomissionsandthebalanceofcapitalaccounts(referstocapitalandfinancialaccountsinstatementsofthebalanceofinternationalpayments),itreflec,thebalanceofcurrentaccountsandthebalanceoftradeinthestatementsofbalanceofinternationalpaymentsofChinaexperiencedatransition,,,,however,surplusininternationalpayments(seeTable1).Table1Changesininternationalpaymentsbetween1982and1998Unit:millionUSdollars

    GeYanfengImprovingthesocialsecuritysystemisofdecisivesignificancetorestructuringthenationaleconomyandthesmoothprogressofthereformofthestate-ownedenterprises(SOE).However,theestablishmentofanewsocialsecuritysystemwhichstartedin1995progressedquiteslowly,tsthemajorobstacletotheestablishmentofthenewsystemInthepast,theChinesegovernmentprovidedsocialsecurityonthecashbasisthroughtheenterprisesandpubl,SOEsdeductedinadva,thesurpluseswerepaidtothestatefinanceandthestateinvestedwiththesurplusesintheexpectationthattheinvestmentyieldscouldpayfortheemployees’,the3rdPlenarySessionofthe14thNationalCongressofthepartydecidedtoreplacetheoldpensioninsurancesystemwithaf,togetherwiththesumpaidtothefundbytheirenterprises,willgototheirpersoohavejuststartedtoworkastheywillconti,theoldemployeesdidnotdirectlygatherfundtopayfortheirpension,healthcareandhouse,insteadofthat,theirsecurityfundwasdeductedinadvance,oldemployeeshavelittlefundintheirpers,intheprocessofreplacingthecashbasissystemwiththefundaccumulationsystem,thegovernmentshouldtransfersomesocialsecurityfundintothepersona,theywillbeunabletobilltheirsocialsecurityexpenses,suchaspension,,,thegovernmenthasbeentryingtomakeupforitshiddenarrearstotheemploy,therati,whilepayingforthepersonalaccountsoftheon-the-jobemployees,yees,,enterpriseswillhavetodivertfundfromthepersonalaccountsofthenextgenerationofemployees,,thecurrentoperationofsuchas,theblankaccountoperationcanbarelyhonfundin1998,thenationalrevenueforpension(includingtheunifiedfundcollectionandthefundinthepersonalaccount)stillfellshortofthepensionpacollectionofpensionfundbyvariousmeans,,,enterprises,theSOEsinparticular,areunabletorelievetheirburdenastheirpaymenttopensioninsurance(includingunifiedpaymentandpaymenttoemployees’personalaccounts),thedifficultyincollectingpensioninsuranceandtheissuingofpensionhascreatedinabilitytoguaranteetheold-agesecurityoftheemployees,,ievetheshifttowardthefundaccumulationsystemTheprevailingideatocopewiththeexistingsituationinvolvestheincreas:(1).Intensifypensionfeecollectionbyreplacingthefeewithtaxorentrustingtaxdepartmentstocollectit.(2).Expandthecoverageofthepensioninsurancesyst,butwil,veconsequences,suchasbiggerenterpriselosses,restrainingenterprisedevelopmentandmoredifficultiestogovernmenttaxcollection.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLvWei,,2015InMay2014,duringhisvisittoShanghai,PresidentXiJinpingpointedoutthatShanghaishouldbeintheforefrontofpromotingtechnologicalinnovation,andimplemenchnologicalinnovationcenterwithglobalinfluence,whichisnotonlynecessaryforShanghaitocarryouttransformationanddevelopment,butalsoimportantforCh,thisinitiativeshouldbewellplannedforitsfunctionnnovativeCountryInordertocarryouttheinnovation-drivendevelopmentstrategy,regionalinnovationsystemswithuniquefeaturesareneededandanumberoionalcompetitivenessTechnologicalinnovationcenterreferstotheplace,withtheirleadingabilityastheforerunneroftechnologicalinnovationintheareasoftalents,capital,technology,,theSiliconValleyandtheHighway128intheUSA,theTokyoMetropolitanAreainJapan,LondonandManchesterintheUK,MunichandStuttgartinGermany,TelAvivinIsrael,andSeoulinKoreaarealltheworld’novationcenternowadays,,theyaretheplacesthatgatherinnovationelementsandhigh-endinnovativetalents,withmulti-leveswithinternationalinfluence,,theyaretheplacesthatgroupcompanieswithinnovativevigorandinternationalinfluence,,theyaretheplacesthatenjoyfairmarketcompetition,regulatedl,theinnovationcentersarelargeregionalconceptsthatbreakthroughtheboundariesofcities,,theyaretheplaceswithoneorseveralinnovativecitiesasthecore,consistingofsomesurroundingcityclusterswithahighdegreeofopenness,industrialsupportandtechnologyabsor,theworldfamousinnovationcenter--theSanFranciscoBayAreawiththe“SiliconValley”asitscore,whichincludesSanJose,Oakland,SanFrancisco,andmanyothercityclusters;theinnovationclusteroftheHighway128intheeasternUnitedStatesissupportedbyBoston,NewYork,Philadelphiaandothernearbymetropolises;Japan’s“TokyoMetropolitanCircle”isacityclusterwithTokyoasthecore;Bangalore,thethirdlargestcityinIndia,,,theTokyometropolitanareaisestablishedthroughthegovernment’s“capitalcircleplanning”.ustocreateauniqueregionalinnovationsystem,andncenterAtpresent,,namelytheBohaiRimwithBeijingasitscore,theYangtzeRiverDeltaregionwithShanghaiasitscore,andthePearlRiverDeltaregionwithShenzhenasitscore;thecentralandwesternregionshavetechnology-intensivezonessuchasGuanzhongwithXi’anasitscore,ChengyuwithChengduandChongqingasthecore,,thecorecitiesofthethreemajorinnovativehighlands,Beijing,,technologyandculturalcenter,’suniversitiesa’stechnologicalsupplycenter,andincubatoroftechnologicalachievements,80%’rprisesandcutting-edgetechnologicalinnovationandentrepreneurialcompanies,,expenditureandinventionpatentsoftheenterprisesinShenzhentakeupmorethan90%,,Shanghaiisthecountry’seconomic,financial,,,Shanghai’inistrationofthestateagenciesandthenumberofresearchinstitutes,thenumberofacademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesandChineseAcademyofEngineering,thenumberoftalentsoftheNationalThousandTalentsPlan,thenumberofnationalscienceandtechnologyprojects,hosetolocateinShanghai;theRDexpe,ShanghaiisChina’,nuclearpowerequipment,arterialcivilaircraft,,’smostdevelopedareaineconomy,withstroncentratedsuchastechnologytalent,investment,venturecapital,entrepreneurialcompaniesandsoon,ountry,itssizeofventurecapitalisover2timesgreaterthanthatofthePearlRiverDeltaregion,%high,havingagoodbasisformanufacturingandrelativelycompleteindustrychainintheYangtzeRiverDeltaregion,JiangsuandZhejiang’slandcapacityan,theYangtzeRiverDeltaregionwithShanghaiastheleadingcityismosteligibleforbeingthefirsttechnologicalinnovationcenterwithtegyItisthenationalstrelt,andenableShanghaitoplaytheroleofthecorecityintheinnovationintensivezoneoftheYangtzeRiverDeltaregionInlightoftheinternationalexperience,itisdif,theCPCCentralCommitteehasinitiatedstrategiestofocusonthethreeregionaldevelopmentstrategies,namely,the“BeltandRoad”,thecoordinateddevelopmentoftheBeijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregion,,buildingthetechnologicalinnovationcenterinShanghaiwillacceleratethedevelopmentoftheYangtzeRiverEconomicBelt,whichistheefficientcombinationofthenationalinnovation-drivendevelopmentstrategyandtheregionaldevelopmentstrategy.ag视讯体育官方app

    ag视讯体育官方appByLaiYouweiShiGuan,ResearchTeamon"Characteristics,ProblemsandCountermeasuresforE-CommerceServicesDevelopmentinChina",,2014(Total4630)inaInrecentyears,therapidpopularizat,consumerscanspendtheirfragmentedtimebrowsingwebpagesandconsuminganywhereandatanytime,,usersacrosstheworldstarttospendmoretimesurfingtheInternetwi,onlineretailerskeepempoweringmobilechannels,suchaslaunchingmobilewebpagesandapplications,toenrichusers,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology(MIIT)issuedthe12thFive-YearDevelopmentPlanonE-commerce,topromotethedevelopmentofM-commerce,tryandreg,,bytheendofJune2014,Chinahad632millionnetizens,including527millionmobilenetizens,%.CellphoneusagesurpassedtraditionalPCusageforthefirsttime,,bytheendofJuly2014,thenumberofmobileInternetusersinChinahadreached872milliona%.FromJanuarytoJuly2014,,growingbyover50%,upby48%.InDecember2013,MIITgrantedthe4GTD-LTElicensestoChinaUnicom,,,%,%,mainlycellphonenetizens,nforM-commercedevelopmentandmobileshoppinghasgraduallybecomeoneofthefirstchoicesfornetizens,thenumberofpurchaserswithcellphonesreached205million,ayear-on-yearincreaseof42%,%.Theshareofarket,inthefirsthalfof2014,China,upby378%,2013,,,%,traditionale-commerceplatforobileAPPterminals1,,inthesecondquarterof2014,thetransactionsizeofChina,%(forcellphone)%%and2%respectively,%.,location-basedservicesareactivatedwithmobileInternet,whichrealizestheseamlessintegrationofofflinestoresandonlinewebstoresandgivesbirthtotheO2Omode(OnlinetoOffline,anintegrationofonlinestoresandofflineconsumption).AllthephysicalstoresandenterprisescanpublishtheirownappsatmobileInternetandmainlyprovidesuchfunctionsasproductdisplayandexperiencetoaddressthelast-mileproblemswithclientservice,,Internetchannelsarenotseparatedfromofflineones,buta“closedloop,”e-commerceplatformscantrackdealsmadebyusersandtheir,informationonsupplyanddemandinmanyfieldsishighlydisper,asmobilepaymentispopularized,efinancialservicessuchasonlinefunds,fe-commerceextendingfromcableInternettomobileInternet,butgreatlyenrichesthee-comm,itpromotesthetransformationandupgradingofrelatedindustriesandisanimportantchan,M-commerceinvolvesnotonlymanufacturersofmobileterminals,butalsoproduction-basedserviceproviderssuchastelecomoperators,financialandpaymentserviceproviders,mobilecommerceplatforms,,WeChatandotherfreemobileapplicationsfurtherreplacethemessage-basedbusinessessuchasvoicemessagesandSMS,whichhasahugeimpactondomestictelecomo,incomefr%onayearlybasis,amongwhic%%,%onayearlybasis,%.MonthlyaverageSMSsentbymobilesu%.Whilevoicebusinesswasplunging,d,,%onayearlybasis,%totheincomegrowthoftelecombusiness.ZhaoYangResearchReportNo146,2001ThemassivemigrationofChinesefarmersintourbanareastolookforjobssincethecountry’sinitiationofreformsisnotthepermanentmigrationofp,itisatypicalkindoftemporarymigration,andurbanareas,thisphenomenonhasdrawnhirriedoutinChinabetween1982and1995tostudytheissueofmigrationfromthecountrysidetotheurbanareas,2andtherehngofandtoevaluatethemassivetemporarymigrationofChina’,variousscholarshavegiventheirexplanationstothecauseofsuchmigrationfromdifferentangles,andquiteafewofthemhavemadespecialstudiesoftheinfluencesofsuchmigrationonChinesefarmersandonthedevelopmentofChina’,theissueofthereturnoffarmers,whohavetemporarilymigrated,totheirhomelandtostartvariouskindsofundertakings,amovethathasbeensurgingacrossChinainrecentyears,andtheinfluenceofthetrendonthedevelopmentofChina’broad,thispapertriestoreviewsomeofthebasicissues,thispaperpresentstheauthor’spersonalviewsonsomeissrymigrationofChina’sruralpopulationintotheurbanareasbecausethelinesfollowedinthecompilationofstatisticsandthemethodsofestimatearesomewhatdifferentapartfromtheavailabilityofdata,AccordingtotheofficiallyauthenticfigurespublishedinChinaYearbookofStatistics(1990,1993and1996),thenumberofpeoplethatmigratedtemporarily(wholefttheiroriginallandofresidenceformorethanhalfayear)in1982,,(1999)onthebasisofthedatafromthepopulationcensusesconductedinChinasince1982andthedatafromasamplesurveyof1%oftheChinesepopulation,however,China’smigratorypopulationin1982,,(1999)held,meanwhile,thattherewas,itwasagreedin1995thatthoseleavingtheiroriginalla,however,onlythoseawayfromtheiroriginallandofresidenceformorethanoneyearweretreatedashavingmigrated,,thecoun,however,,theofficiallypublishedfiguresfor1982and1990werebiggerthanthelatter,,,Wu,H.(1994)andChan,"urbanareas"and"urbanpopulation".ThedifferencebetweentheestimatesisthatWubasedhisestimateonregistered"non-agriculturalpopulation"intheurbanareas,ation,LiPan(1994)’red12,673validruralhouseholdsin442countiesin26provinces,useholdswerepickedoutineachofthesecounties,howmuchinfluencewouldtherulesgoverningthesamplinghaveontherepresentativenessofthefiguresFurther,thismethodisparticularlysensitivetothesizeofthesample,thecoverageofthesurvey,n(aspointedoutbyChenLi,1999;ZhenZe,1993;thePolicyResearchCenteroftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,1994;LuoYoushengandLiuJianwen,1994;andtheAdHocResearchGroupforIssuesofFarmersLookingforJobsinUrbanAreasundertheMinistryofAgriculture).Onlyaveryfewpeopleagreethatthefigureshouldstandbetween80-120million(asviewedbyHeJing,1994;PanShengzhou,1994,ShiShusi,1995;andtheAdHocResearchGroupofAbsorptionofRuralLaborersintoUrbanAreas,1996).Theauthorholdsthatthedocumentsavailablesofarhavebasicallyreliedonthreekindsofestimates:a)nationalpopulationcensusesorsamplesurveyswithacensuscharacter,b)statisticalmodelsbasedonthequantitativerelationshipofthepopulation,andc)simpleextrareefactors,however,itissofardifficulttoreacha,thefiguresobtainedwouldbeinevitablydifferentorevencontradictorytoeachotherbecauseofdifferentperceptionandunderstan,thestandardsfollowedinthecompilationofstatisticsvary,suchasthestand,thereliessomedifferenc...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

    ’sAutomobileIndustryNotCompetitiveOfthemanyindustriesinChina,,Chinahasseensomefast-developingindustries,,theyaregenerallyhealthyanddynamic,andoutperformotherindustriesinproductupgrading,technologicalprogress,quality,serviceandguaranteeingconsumers’’hefactthattheyhaveexperiencedaprocessofmarketopeningandintensivecompetition,thussolvingthethreekeyproblemscrucialtothedevelopmentofanindustry:First,the"discovery","screened"throughcompetitionbeforebeing"discovered".Anyindividualsororganizationsincludingthegove’sadvan,thelearningandtrainingofenterprises’competitiveness."Competitivenesscanonlybeacquiredthroughcompetition"’smarketing,management,RDandfinancingabilitiescanonlybeacquiredandaccumulatedfromthetwistsandturnsinthecourseofcompetition,andconsequently,theorganization,,,,raiseproductquality,improveservices,,bothbelongingtoprocessing,assemblingandmanufacturingindustries,aresimilarintermsoftechnologicalandmarketstructure,forinstance,theybothhaveahighdemandforscaleeconomyan,autoindustryhasnotshowntheactivedevelopmentmom,weshould,inparticular,reflectonandexamine,inadditiontotherestrictiononthemodel,varietyandspecificationofautomobiles,thecompetitionisnotcompleteandlimited,andfrombeingunleashed,andatthesametime,"EstablishingtheCompetitiveEdgeasaBigCountryintheCourseofOpening":TheOptionfortheDevelopmentPatternofChina’sAutoIndustryundertheNewSituationThedevelopmentpatternofChina’sautoindustryunderthenewsituationshouldproceedfromthecurrentdomesticandofautoindustry,especiallythoseofthenewlydevelopedcountries,"establishingthecompetitiveedgeasabigcountryinthecourseofopening".Thismeans,firstly,,weshouldgraduallyintegratetheautoindustryintothesystemofinternationalworkingdivisionundertheframeworkofWTOsoastoadapttoandmakeuseof,notreject,,Ch,itshouldtakeanactivep,,theadvantagesofChina’sautoindustryincludetheoverallcapabilityofthemanufacturingindustry,,,strategyandpoliciesundertheopeningpolicyinordertoturnthere,,China’shugemarketwillyi,China’sdom,itcanalsoprovidespacelargeenoughforala,Chinesemarketisnotonlylarge,butalsoappearstobeobviouslymulti-layered,whichisconduc,thenewdevelopmentpatternshouldincludethefollowingfeatures:mobilesinthefuture20to30years,China’scurrentautoindustrywithmanufacturingandm,therewillbeanecessary,possible,toputitmoreprecisely,unavoidableprocessofcompetitiondesignedtoselectadvantageousenterprises,raiseenterprises’urrentindustrialbasis,thegradualentryoftransnationalcorporationsandthegovernment’srationalpolicyguidance,competitionwithintheautoindustrymaytakeondifferentcharacteristicsfromthatintheelectricalapplianceindustry,andthe;asthegovernment’sdirectinvestmentstops,variousresponsibleinvestorsincludingnon-stateinvestorsshouldbeallowedtoentertheindustry;theadministrativemonopolybydepartmentsandregionsshouldbefurtherdoneawaywithsoastoformanopenandunifieddomesticmarket;competitionordershouldberegulated,andnewsystemthactiveandfullcompetition,,wewillhaveeveryreasontopredictthatinashortperiodoftime(fiveyearsorlonger),Chinawillhaveabatchofcompetitiveenterpriseswithinitialinternationalcompetitiveness,whichincludejointventureenterprises,solely-foreigninvestedenterprises,ionalcorporationswillbeacomponentofthecountry’’sentryintoWTO,thetransnationalcorporationswillhavetwochoices:first,exportingcarstoChina,second,,’sentryintoWTO,weshouldrelaxorabolishtherestrictionontheequityandlocalizationratesetforforeigninvestorsatapropertimesothattheywouldmakemelyimportanttoproductupgrading,speedinguptransnationalcorporations’transferoftechnologiestoChina,,weshouldencouragedomesticenterprisesandenterpriseswithdomesticcapitaltocultivatetheircorecompetitivenessandsupportthemtocooperatewithforeign-investedenterprisesinvariousforms(notjustjointventure),especiallytheireffortindeveloping,upgradingandenlargingthescaleofRD,ndentde,butmoreoften,theywillcooperate,uniteandmerge,eventuallyraisingtheoverallcompetitivenessofChina’sautomobileindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo6,2013(Total4255)Theworldeconomyhaswitnessedswiftreform,theworldeconomygrowthpatternexperiencesmajorchanges,asreflectedinresurrectionoftradeprotec,itsinternationaleconomicandtradeenvironmenthadundergonemajorchanges,whichshowsomenewsignsinrecentyears:thedevelopedcountriesimplementthe"reindustrialization"strategy;theUStransfersitsstrategicfocuseastwardandpromotesthehigh-standardTPP;,the18thNationalCongressoftheCPCpointedoutthatChinaisstillinaperiodofstrategicopportunities,andsomemajodevelopitselfinisolationfromtherestoftheworld,therefore,judgmentoftheinternationalenvironmenthasadirectbearingonacountry,MaoZedongheldthatitwouldbenandinaccordancewiththeprincipleof"withmountainasthebacksupport,spreadingaround,andgoodcover-up",alotofin"ThirdFrontConstruction",thesecondgenerationofleadershipoftheCPCwithDengXiaopingatthecore,basedonanall-roundanalysisofthetheninternationalenvironment,heldthatpeaceanddevelopmentwerethemainstreamoftheworld,,theunderstandingoftheinternationalenvironment,differentasitmightbeinconcretesituations,wouldexertahugeimpactuponacountry,EastAsiahasseenlarge-scalerelocationofthelabor-intensiveandexport-orientedindustries,whichbrought"fourAsiantigers"successfullypursuedthedevelopments,theseeconomiesrelocatedtheirlabor-intensiveexportindustriesodeveloptheexport-orientedprocessingindustryan,Chinahasbecomeoneofthemostsuccessfulecon,withlowpercapitapossessionofresources,however,forquitealongperiodoftimeafterthefoundingnewChina,itoverlyreliedonexportofprimaryproductsforforeignexchangeearning,,Chinahasrisentobethelargestexporterintheworld,registeringgreatchangesintheexportmix–theexportoffinishedproductsreachingupto95%ofthetotal,electromechanicalproductsover60%andhi-techproductsmorethan30%.Inaddition,ChinahasovertakenUStobethelargestmanufacturerintheworld,knownasthe"WorldsFactory".AllthetremendouschangesareattributabletothefactthatChinahasgraspedtheoplyinjectsvitalitytotheworldmarket,butalsoprovidesimportantforeignmarketsconducivetothedevelopmentofChinasexport-orientedindustriesandthusdrivesrapidgrowthofChina,thedividendsresultingfromthereformintheUSandWesterncountriesamidstagflation,thepeacedividendscomingalongwiththeendoftheColdWar,thetechnologydividendsinducedbytheITandInternetrevolutionandtheinstitutionaldividendsofeconomicglobalizationbroughtaboutbythefoundingtheWTO,plusmanyotherfactors,haveledtoprosperityofUSamongothersexport-orientedindustriesandpresentedsignificantopportunitiesftionalfinancialcrisisfusedbytheUSsubprimecrisisin2007totallychangedChinaficit;Europeisboggeddowninsovereigntydebtcrisis;Japanseconomysuffersfrominsufficientdomesticdemandanddecliningcompetitivenesscausedbypopulationageing,largedeficits,,therapidlyrisinglaborcostinChinaiserod,Chinaisinfaceofchallengesofinsufficientdemandoftheinternationalmarket,butstill,,Chinafacessignificantopport,theResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationstheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilscomparativeadvantagesareundergoingprofoundchanges–itsnewlyacquiredadvantagesintermsofthelocalmarket,infrastructure,supportingindustries,andhumanresourcesratherthanlowlaborcosthavecometoattractmultinationals,inthenextdecadeChinawillbetheonlycountryworldwidethatb,themultinati,,tofurtheropenupthemarketandusehumanresourcesinChinahasbecomeamoreimportant,Chinamaintainsprosperity,exertingunpreceden,31%ofbusinessreStobethefirsttheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaattractedincreasingforeigndirectinvestmenttosuchanextentthatinthefirsthalfof2012Chinaovertoo,majorchangeshavetakenplacetotheforeigninvestmentstructure,asisshowninthephenomenathatmoreforeigndirectinvestmentgoestothemanufacturingindustrywithfairlyadvancedtechnologyaswellasmodernserviceindustryofhigheraddedvalue,andsomemultinationalshavemade:nearly50,000overseasChinesestudentsreturnedin2008,representingaonefoldincreasethanin2004,ormorethan1/6ofallthereturnedoverowardChinaisundoubtedlyconducivetotheupgradingChinasindustrialstructureandtheenhancementofthei,Chinahastheopportunitytoint,quitemanyWesternenterprisesfellintothequagmireofcapitalshortage,whichaffordedalotmoreopportunitiesf,Geelyhasrealizedthetransformationfromanuglyducklingtoawhiteswan;afteracquiringPutzmeister,Sanyhasgrowntobetheworld,throughmergerandacquisitionabroad,cantaketheinitiativetointegrateoverseasresourcesandmarkets,andobtainresources,technologies,researchanddevelopmentcompetence,internationalbrandsandworldmarketchannelsatalowcost,greatlyenhancingChinascapabilityofinnovationandinternationalcompetitiveness....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:AResearchReportonHigh-LevelProfessionalsFlowTrendinRelevantCountriesandRegionsAgainsttheBackdropofInternationalFinancialCrisis.ag视讯体育官方app

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